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Modes of Education
Friday, December 10, 2010 6:20 AM
The education system in New Zealand can be divided into 4 parts:

Early Childhood Education
It is the period from birth to the age of 8. This is to build a strong foundation for a child’s education, development and learning. There can be two ways to put this in place: teacher-led education or parents-led education.

Teacher-led education is education by certified teachers. This would refer to places like kindergartens and playcentres where they encourage developments in areas such as emotional, social, and intellectual etcetera.

Whereas, parents-led education basically means that family or the parents of the child are the ones educating, caring and nurturing their child. Not only does it benefit the child, this would allow bonding between the parents and child, allow the parents to learn more about parenting



Primary School
It is the period that usually starts from 6 to 16 years of age. It is Year 1-8 of the school curriculum.
There are nine wide learning areas for the child; this is to allow them to learn a variety of subjects which then allow them to choose a specialization in the future. The nine learning areas include: English, Arts, Health and Physical Education, Technology, Mathematics and Statistics, Science, Social Studies and Local Languages. However, they would not go in depth into the subjects as the main focus is to encourage the enjoyment of learning.



Secondary School
A secondary school is also known as high school or college in New Zealand. In Year 8, the child would be encouraged to pre-enroll into a secondary school so as to give them time to prepare and think about what they would like to specialize. A secondary school is from Year 9-13 of the school curriculum.

Up to Year 10, student get to test their abilities to the maximum by trying the various subjects to find out what subject they should best specialize in Year 11 onwards.
In Year 11 to 13, students are allowed to choose the subjects they wish to take for NCEA (National Certificate of Education) which can be gained at three levels- level 1 in Year 11, level 2 in Year 12 and level 3 in Year 13.

This system is to allow students to look for the qualification they wish to take at tertiary level or when they go out to work.

Tertiary Education
It refers to any education or training after secondary school. It consists of Universities, Polytechnics, Institutes of technologies and Wananga (Quality education using Maori ways of teaching and learning).Not only does it cover post-secondary education, it covers areas such as industrial training, degrees, certificates and several skills.

Tertiary Education allows people who enroll to get access to a wide range of business opportunities in their area of specialization, also more in depth research and education in those areas. This would help them to contribute to several area of New Zealand’s development in terms of social, cultural, environmental, technological or economical.